Installing CKAN from package

This section describes how to install CKAN from package. This is the quickest and easiest way to install CKAN, but it requires Ubuntu 20.04 or 22.04 64-bit. If you’re not using any of these Ubuntu versions, or if you’re installing CKAN for development, you should follow Installing CKAN from source instead.

At the end of the installation process you will end up with two running web applications, CKAN itself and the DataPusher, a separate service for automatically importing data to CKAN’s DataStore extension. Additionally, there will be a process running the worker for running Background jobs. All these processes will be managed by Supervisor.

For Python 3 installations, the minimum Python version required is 3.7.

Host ports requirements:



Used for






Web Server













1. Install the CKAN package

On your Ubuntu system, open a terminal and run these commands to install CKAN:

  1. Update Ubuntu’s package index:

    sudo apt update
  2. Install the Ubuntu packages that CKAN requires (and ‘git’, to enable you to install CKAN extensions):

    sudo apt install -y libpq5 redis-server nginx supervisor
  3. Download the CKAN package:

  • On Ubuntu 20.04:

  • On Ubuntu 22.04:

  1. Install the CKAN package:

  • On Ubuntu 20.04:

    sudo dpkg -i python-ckan_2.10-focal_amd64.deb
  • On Ubuntu 22.04:

    sudo dpkg -i python-ckan_2.10-jammy_amd64.deb

2. Install and configure PostgreSQL


You can install PostgreSQL and CKAN on different servers. Just change the sqlalchemy.url setting in your /etc/ckan/default/ckan.ini file to reference your PostgreSQL server.


The commands mentioned below are tested in Ubuntu


Install PostgreSQL required packages:

sudo apt install -y postgresql


If you are facing a problem in case postgresql is not running, execute the command sudo service postgresql start

Check that PostgreSQL was installed correctly by listing the existing databases:

sudo -u postgres psql -l

Check that the encoding of databases is UTF8, if not you might find issues later on with internationalisation. Since changing the encoding of PostgreSQL may mean deleting existing databases, it is suggested that this is fixed before continuing with the CKAN install.

Next you’ll need to create a database user if one doesn’t already exist. Create a new PostgreSQL user called ckan_default, and enter a password for the user when prompted. You’ll need this password later:

sudo -u postgres createuser -S -D -R -P ckan_default

Create a new PostgreSQL database, called ckan_default, owned by the database user you just created:

sudo -u postgres createdb -O ckan_default ckan_default -E utf-8


If PostgreSQL is run on a separate server, you will need to edit postgresql.conf and pg_hba.conf. On Ubuntu, these files are located in etc/postgresql/{Postgres version}/main.

Uncomment the listen_addresses parameter and specify a comma-separated list of IP addresses of the network interfaces PostgreSQL should listen on or ‘*’ to listen on all interfaces. For example,

listen_addresses = 'localhost,'

Add a line similar to the line below to the bottom of pg_hba.conf to allow the machine running the web server to connect to PostgreSQL. Please change the IP address as desired according to your network settings.

host    all             all                    md5

Edit the sqlalchemy.url option in your CKAN configuration file (/etc/ckan/default/ckan.ini) file and set the correct password, database and database user.

3. Install and configure Solr


You can install Solr and CKAN on different servers. Just change the solr_url setting in your /etc/ckan/default/ckan.ini /etc/ckan/default/production.ini file to reference your Solr server.


CKAN uses Solr as its search engine, and uses a customized Solr schema file that takes into account CKAN’s specific search needs. Now that we have CKAN installed, we need to install and configure Solr.


CKAN supports Solr 9 (recommended version) and Solr 8. Starting from CKAN 2.10 these are the only Solr version supported. CKAN 2.9 can run with Solr 9 and 8 as long as it is patched to at least 2.9.5.

There are two supported ways to install Solr.

  1. Using CKAN’s official Docker images. This is generally the easiest one and the recommended one if you are developing CKAN locally

  2. Installing Solr locally and configuring it with the CKAN schema. You can use this option if you can’t or don’t want to use Docker.

Installing Solr using Docker

You will need to have Docker installed. Please refer to its installation documentation for details.

There are pre-configured Docker images for Solr for each CKAN version. Make sure to pick the image tag that matches your CKAN version (they are named ckan/ckan-solr:<Major version>.<Minor version>). To start a local Solr service you can run:

docker run --name ckan-solr -p 8983:8983 -d ckan/ckan-solr:2.10-solr9

You can now jump to the Next steps section.

Installing Solr manually

The following instructions have been tested in Ubuntu 22.04 and are provided as a guidance only. For a Solr production setup is it recommended that you follow the official Solr documentation.

  1. Install the OS dependencies:

    sudo apt-get install openjdk-11-jdk
  2. Download the latest supported version from the Solr downloads page. CKAN supports Solr version 9.x (recommended) and 8.x.

  3. Extract the install script file to your desired location (adjust the Solr version number to the one you are using):

    tar xzf solr-9.2.1.tgz solr-9.2.1/bin/ --strip-components=2
  4. Run the installation script as root:

    sudo bash ./ solr-9.2.1.tgz
  5. Check that Solr started running:

    sudo service solr status
  6. Create a new core for CKAN:

    sudo -u solr /opt/solr/bin/solr create -c ckan
  7. Replace the standard schema with the CKAN one:

    sudo -u solr wget -O /var/solr/data/ckan/conf/managed-schema
  8. Restart Solr:

    sudo service solr restart

Next steps with Solr

To check that Solr started you can visit the web interface at http://localhost:8983/solr


The two installation methods above will leave you with a setup that is fine for local development, but Solr should never be exposed publicly in a production site. Pleaser refer to the Solr documentation to learn how to secure your Solr instance.

If you followed any of the instructions above, the CKAN Solr core will be available at http://localhost:8983/solr/ckan. If for whatever reason you ended up with a different one (eg with a different port, host or core name), you need to change the solr_url setting in your CKAN configuration file (/etc/ckan/default/ckan.ini) to point to your Solr server, for example:


4. Set up a writable directory

CKAN needs a directory where it can write certain files, regardless of whether you are using the FileStore and file uploads or not (if you do want to enable file uploads, set the ckan.storage_path configuration option in the next section).

  1. Create the directory where CKAN will be able to write files:

    sudo mkdir -p /var/lib/ckan/default
  2. Set the permissions of this directory. For example if you’re running CKAN with Nginx, then the Nginx’s user (www-data on Ubuntu) must have read, write and execute permissions on it:

    sudo chown www-data /var/lib/ckan/default
    sudo chmod u+rwx /var/lib/ckan/default

5. Update the configuration and initialize the database

  1. Edit the CKAN configuration file (/etc/ckan/default/ckan.ini) to set up the following options:


    Each CKAN site should have a unique site_id, for example:

    ckan.site_id = default

    Provide the site’s URL. For example:

    ckan.site_url =
  2. Initialize your CKAN database by running this command in a terminal:

    sudo ckan db init
  3. Optionally, setup the DataStore and DataPusher by following the instructions in DataStore extension.

  4. Also optionally, you can enable file uploads by following the instructions in FileStore and file uploads.

6. Start the Web Server and restart Nginx

Reload the Supervisor daemon so the new processes are picked up:

sudo supervisorctl reload

After a few seconds run the following command to check the status of the processes:

sudo supervisorctl status

You should see three processes running without errors:

ckan-datapusher:ckan-datapusher-00   RUNNING   pid 1963, uptime 0:00:12
ckan-uwsgi:ckan-uwsgi-00             RUNNING   pid 1964, uptime 0:00:12
ckan-worker:ckan-worker-00           RUNNING   pid 1965, uptime 0:00:12

If some of the processes reports an error, make sure you’ve run all the previous steps and check the logs located in /var/log/ckan for more details.

Restart Nginx by running this command:

sudo service nginx restart

7. You’re done!

Open http://localhost in your web browser. You should see the CKAN front page, which will look something like this:


You can now move on to Getting started to begin using and customizing your CKAN site.


The default authorization settings on a new install are deliberately restrictive. Regular users won’t be able to create datasets or organizations. You should check the Organizations and authorization documentation, configure CKAN accordingly and grant other users the relevant permissions using the sysadmin account.


There may be a PermissionError: [Errno 13] Permission denied: message when restarting supervisor or accessing CKAN via a browser for the first time. This happens when a different user is used to execute the web server process than the user who installed CKAN and the support software. A workaround would be to open up the permissions on the /usr/lib/ckan/default/src/ckan/ckan/public/base/i18n/ directory so that this user could write the .js files into it. Accessing CKAN will generate these files for a new install, or you could run ckan -c /etc/ckan/default/ckan.ini translation js to explicitly generate them.